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Case 6

Title: Formative evaluation and outcome monitoring of democracy and governance.

This case discusses the design, development and implementation of a formative evaluation and outcome monitoring system for the National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development (NCDD) , The Royal Government of Cambodia. Poverty reduction through decentralization and deconcentration (D&D) of programs and investments is a national priority in Cambodia. However, the D&D environment is complex and the D&D efforts are taking place within a context of rapid social and economic change in the Country of case study. Since 2007, a range of sub-national programs, services and investments that are being made through the NCDD program framework and technically supported by the Project to Support Democratic Development through D&D (PSDD). The goal of PSDD is to contribute to poverty reduction. The project objective is improved sub-national governance.

Catalyst Management Services (CMS) is supporting the PSDD enabled NCDD program on design and implementation of a formative evaluation system and outcome monitoring study. The objectives of the support are to: (i) design and demonstrate a locally manageable, user-friendly and learning oriented formative evaluation system specific to the NCDD/PSDD context and to its projects and investments; (ii) demonstrate and document ways and means of feeding back the formative evaluation findings and products into the D&D policy debate and into the NCDD/PSDD programming and decision making systems; (iii) develop local capacities to manage and sustain the above formative evaluation systems and processes via know-how transfer. CMS is working in partnership with Economic Institute of Cambodia in the M&E support to NCDD.

The focus of the study is the Commune/ Sangkat (CS) Council, which is the local self-governing body. The approach includes 360-degree feedback, which includes self-assessment by the CS Council resulting in identification of learning and preparation of improvement plan. The plans are subsequently implemented. The system has been piloted in three provinces out of total 24 provinces in the country. The methods include: (i) Secondary data analysis; (ii) Focus Group Discussion with community; (iii) Household Survey; (iv) Feed-back from NGOs and Government Departments; (v) Analysis of technical support functions; (vi) CS Performance Assessment and (vii) Improvement Planning and implementation.

Country of case: Cambodia
Case presenter: Sandip Pattanayak
Methodological focus: formative evaluation, outcome monitoring

Documentation: Formative evaluation and outcome monitoring of democracy and governance.

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